What is lettuce classified? Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual plant of the daisy family, Asteraceae. It is most often grown as a leaf vegetable, but sometimes for its stem and seeds. Lettuce is most often used for salads, although it is also seen in other kinds of food, such as soups, sandwiches and wraps; it can also be grilled.
Are lettuce flowers?
Lettuce is typically harvested before it flowers as a leafy head. Gardeners and farmers will leave a portion of their lettuce crop intentionally letting it flower and seed. If you've been harvesting leaves from your lettuce plants without taking the head, they will eventually begin flowering.
Is lettuce a biennial?
Lettuce is a temperate annual or biennial, grown as a leaf vegetable. In Western countries, it is typically eaten cold and raw, but in other places such as China, lettuce is typically eaten cooked and the uses of the stem are as important as use of the leaf.
Is lettuce a general term?
L. Lettuce is the common term for any plants of the genus Lactuca of the flowering plant family Asteraceae (or, alternatively, Compositae), and especially refers to plants of the commercially important species Lactuca sativa.
Is lettuce a legume?
Lettuce, kale, spinach and cabbage are the leaves of a plant. Legumes are family of plants and they all have the same type of fruit — a bean, actually, that is technically called a legume. Examples: snow peas, string beans or sugar snap peas. All fruits (of the legume variety).
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Why does my lettuce have flowers?
Bolting, when the plants shift from leafy growth into flower production, is caused by a number of factors including high temperatures, long daylight hours, and less moisture – in essence – summer. Lettuce does offer a few clues when it's about to bolt.
What does it mean when lettuce starts to flower?
Yes, bolting means "flowering and ready to set seed". When it sends up that long flower stalk, it's all done. As for "is it edible": it will probably be bitter enough that you won't want to eat it. Lettuce in summer is tricky -- long days and heat makes it want to bolt.
What do lettuce flowers look like?
Is lettuce in the daisy family?
Plants in the Asteraceae family include: lettuce, daisies, sunflowers, chrysanthemums, asters, dandelions, goldenrod, coneflowers, thistles, artichokes, sunflowers, dahlias, marigolds, zinnias, asters, chamomile, chicory, sage, tarragon, ragweed, thistle, sagebrush, and yarrow.
What plants are related to lettuce?
Description. Lettuce belongs to the Asteraceae (or Compositae) family, which is known as the aster, daisy, or sunflower family. It is a taxon of dicotyledonous flowering plants, including chicory, globe artichoke, sunflower, yacón, safflower, and Jerusalem artichoke.
Is a lettuce a daisy?
Lettuce is an annual plant belonging to the daisy family. It is grown mainly as a leafy vegetable used for salads.
Is lettuce annual biennial or perennial?
They may perform like perennials in the garden because new plants that emerge from seed constantly replace plants that have died after their second year. Vegetables like spinach, fennel, and lettuce are biennials, typically “bolting” and making them inedible the next year.
Is Broccoli an annual or a perennial?
Most varieties of broccoli grow as annuals, producing a large head at the end of the season and that's that. But perennial broccoli, also known as sprouting broccoli, produces many small, tender florets. Broccoli can be grown as a perennial even in areas where temperatures hit minus 20 degrees.
Is cabbage and lettuce same?
Cabbage and certain types of lettuce may look alike, but these vegetables have major differences. To start, cabbage and lettuce are entirely different vegetables. They also have distinct nutritional profiles, flavors, textures, and culinary uses.
What is the definition of a lettuce?
: a plant that has large leaves that are eaten especially in salads.
What does lettuce mean in slang?
noun. (slang) Paper money. noun.
Is asparagus a legume?
The asparagus bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis) is a legume cultivated for its edible green pods containing immature seeds, like the green bean. It is also known as: yardlong bean, pea bean, long-podded cowpea, Chinese long bean, snake bean, and bodi in Nepal /bora.
Is cucumber a legume?
Cucumbers are a type of edible plant that belongs to the gourd family. It's widely cultivated and makes a nutritious addition to any diet. Cucumber is usually considered a vegetable because of how it's used in the culinary world. However, as it grows from flowers and contains seeds, it's botanically a fruit.
What classifies something as a legume?
legume, also called pod, fruit of plants in the pea family (Fabaceae). Most legumes are dehiscent fruits that release their seeds by splitting open along two seams, though some, such as peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) and carobs (Ceratonia siliqua), do not naturally open.
What to do with lettuce that has bolted?
Is broccoli a flower?
When you grow broccoli (Brassica oleracea italica) in your garden, you have a flower that does not look like other flowers. Botanically, it grows as a biennial, but gardeners grow it as an annual and harvest it before the flower buds fully open.
Is lettuce still good after it flowers?
Bolted lettuce can still be harvested and eaten, although the leaves will taste unpalatable and bitter if they are left on the plant too long, so it is best to pick the leaves as soon as possible after lettuce bolting and remove the plant entirely once all the edible leaves are removed.
Is there blue lettuce?
Lactuca biennis, tall blue lettuce or blue wood lettuce, native to the eastern half of the United States and Canada. Lactuca canadensis, Florida blue lettuce or Canada blue lettuce, considered to be a native to parts of North America and introduced elsewhere.
Is lettuce a vegetable or a fruit?
A vegetable is the edible portion of a plant. Vegetables are usually grouped according to the portion of the plant that is eaten such as leaves (lettuce), stem (celery), roots (carrot), tubers (potato), bulbs (onion) and flowers (broccoli). A fruit is the mature ovary of a plant.
What is the chemical composition of lettuce?
The concentrations of the following compounds were determined in lettuce leaves: SA, BeA and iodine metabolic compounds as: 5-iodosalicylic acid (5-ISA), 3.5-diiodosalicylic acid (3.5-diISA), 2-iodobenzoic acid (2-IBeA), 4-iodobenzoic acid (4-IBeA), 2.3. 5-triiodobenzoic acid (2.3.
Is Arugula a lettuce?
Arugula has become a popular salad green, but it's not really a lettuce. Arugula is actually part of the brassica family and is closely related to mustard. Other names for arugula include “rocket” (common in England, Australia and New Zealand) or 'rucola' in Italy. Its taste is peppery and a little nutty.
What is scientific name for lettuce?
Why is lettuce part of the daisy family?
Lettuce is in the daisy family because it has the characteristics in terms of roots and stems, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds, pollen, and metabolites common in the daisy family.
Is lettuce a spinach?
Lettuce, a type of leafy green, is one of the most commonly eaten veggies in the United States. Leafy greens can be either dark or light in color and include types such as spinach, romaine, kale, escarole, and endive. For example, romaine has nine times more vitamin A than iceberg lettuce.