Can You Eat White Juniper Berries?

Can you eat white juniper berries? Certain varieties of juniper berry contain safe, low amounts of Thujone, while other varieties contain high levels and can make you very sick. The common juniper, Juniperus communis, is the variety most often used to make gin, medicines, and food dishes, as it is considered safe for human consumption.

Is juniper a tree or a bush?

juniper, (genus Juniperus), genus of about 60 to 70 species of aromatic evergreen trees or shrubs of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere. A number of species are cultivated as ornamentals and are useful for their timber.

Is white cedar a juniper?

Atlantic white cedar, Chamaecyparis thyoides, is also called juniper, southern white cedar and swamp cedar. It is a wetland species growing in a narrow belt along the eastern coast from southern Maine to Mississippi.

How many types of juniper trees are there?

There are almost 60 species of junipers and about 400 cultivars. The cultivars are the plants that will give you the most bang for your garden buck, as they have been selected for smaller size, slower growth rate, and, many times, dramatic foliage.

Can you burn juniper wood?

Juniper is a quick-burning wood. This makes it easy to light, but you'll need more wood to keep your fire burning for the same amount of time as a hardwood fire. Coals produced by juniper firewood don't last long. You can improve the BTUs of your juniper wood fire by mixing it with a small amount of hardwood.

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Which juniper is poisonous?

Savin Juniper is known to be toxic and potentially deadly poisonous if taken in large enough quantities. It can be difficult to accurately distinguish between different species of cultivated junipers because they have been bred to have unique features not present in their wild forms.

Are junipers easy to grow?

Juniper is low maintenance and easy to grow. The plants need full sun and a well drained soil. These drought tolerant plants do not like wet soil. They can suffer, if over watered.

How tall do junipers get?

Juniper Shrubs

genus name Juniperus
height 6 to 12 inches 1 to 3 feet 3 to 8 feet 8 to 20 feet 20 feet or more
width Up to 20 feet, depending on variety
foliage color Blue/Green Gray/Silver
season features Winter Interest

Is juniper poisonous to dogs?

ANSWER: The University of California - Davis list Juniperus (Junipers) in their Safe and Poisonous Garden Plants list as having a minor toxicity (class 2) for pets and children. This rating means ingestion of these plants may cause minor illnesses such as vomiting or diarrhea.

What's the difference between cedar and juniper?

Cedar is the common name for a variety of trees, including both "true" cedars (those belonging to the genus Cedrus) and "false" or "New World" cedars, which include a number of different trees from separate but similar genera. Junipers are trees belonging to the genus Juniperus.

How do you tell the difference between cedar and juniper?

Eastern Red Cedar is very closely related to the Common Juniper, in fact they are in the same genus. The key obvious difference is that Juniper seldom grows as a tree, whereas Red Cedar nearly always does.

Are juniper and arborvitae the same?

Nomenclature – Taxonomically speaking, Junipers are in the genus Juniperus while Arborvitae are in the genus Thuja. Eastern Arborvitae, American Arborvitae, white cedar, western redcedar and Thuja all refer to the Arborvitae trees.

How do I know what kind of juniper tree I have?

A helpful way to perfect juniper tree identification is by looking at its cones. Juniper cones on male trees are small and either yellow or tan. The female plants produce colorful berries, which are actually modified cones. Northwest species berries turn blue at maturity, but some species have red berries.

What is the lowest growing juniper?

Creeping Juniper is a native low-growing shrub that grows up to 1.5 feet high and branches can spread to form a dense mat up to 10 feet wide. It is found growing in rocky or sandy soils from rocky outcrops to streams. It is drought and deer tolerant and moderately salt tolerant.

Is there a dwarf juniper tree?

Dwarf junipers (Juniperus) are evergreen shrubs suitable for U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. With many of the same features as their full-sized counterpart, dwarf junipers grow to between 6 inches and 2 feet in height depending on the variety.

Is juniper good for fireplace?

Juniper, from Arizona's high country, is wonderfully fragrant with a cedar-like aroma. It has medium hardness and mixes well with other woods. Alligator juniper is excellent in the fireplace or in a backyard fire pit and produces a cozy lively fire with crackle, pop and pleasant aroma.

Can you use juniper for smoking?

The bark and berries have a high oil content and it will produce a dense smoke flavour with a balsamic woody fresh scent. The chips are a mixture of bark, wood and needle-like leaves. The chips are an irregular 3 to 5mm size ideal for use in a regular BBQ, smoker or any grill with a lid and ventilation.

Is juniper a pine tree?

Juniper is the common name for a large group of evergreen shrubs and trees belonging to genus Juniperus, in the family Cupressaceae (Cypress), order Pinales (pine). There are more than 50 species of Juniperus. They have thick dense foliage; some species can be trimmed or sculpted to unusual shapes.

Do birds eat juniper berries?

Everything from eastern bluebirds and evening grosbeaks to wild turkeys and sharp-tailed grouse devour the fruit. On a frigid day, some birds may gulp down more than 200 of the berries.

Do junipers attract bugs?

Junipers (Juniperus spp.) belong to the cypress plant family (Cupressaceae), and many varieties grow well as multibranched shrubs. Tolerant of various environmental conditions, these hardy bushes still occasionally attract various bugs.

Do junipers need full sun?

Plant juniper shrubs in a location with full sun or light shade. When they get too much shade, the branches spread apart in an effort to let more sunlight in, and the damage to their shape can't be repaired. Junipers grow in any type of soil as long as it is well-drained.

When should you plant junipers?

Juniper is ideally planted in fall to ensure root growth and thus proper settling in in spring. However, you can also plant in spring and water a bit more at the beginning. Note that juniper tolerates virtually all types of soil, and behaves exactly the same whether conditions are moist or during a full-blown drought.

Do junipers make good hedges?

Among the most versatile of evergreens, junipers range from ground-hugging creepers to mounded shrubs and upright trees. Whether you are looking for a steely blue groundcover or a tall tree for a fast-growing privacy hedge, junipers fit the bill. All respond well to pruning, making them useful hedges.

What should I plant next to juniper?

Plants with blue flowers, berries or leaves make good companion plants for juniper. When you are looking for juniper plant companions, think about bamboo. Bamboo species, particularly dwarf bamboo plants, are also good choices for juniper companion plants.

Will junipers grow in part shade?

Common juniper (Juniperus communis) and single seed juniper (Juniperus squamata) can tolerate partial shade even in cool-summer areas, but should never be planted in dense shade. Common juniper grows in USDA zones 4 through 8.

What are juniper trees good for?

Juniper is used for digestion problems including upset stomach, intestinal gas (flatulence), heartburn, bloating, and loss of appetite, as well as gastrointestinal (GI) infections and intestinal worms. It is also used for urinary tract infections (UTIs) and kidney and bladder stones.

Why is my dog eating juniper berries?

Juniper Berries & Dogs

Juniper berries are mildly toxic to dogs, as are the needles and stems of juniper trees. Juniper berries can cause diarrhea and vomiting in dogs. So, if your dog has eaten only one or two juniper berries, he should be OK.

What animals eat juniper trees?

Juniper berries are one of the top winter foods for many birds and mammals. Rabbits, foxes and most birds – turkeys, bluebirds, robins, chickadees and waxwings to name a few – covet the deep blue berries. I've watched a flock of cedar waxwings descend upon a patch of juniper and strip them in just a few hours.

Is Cypress the same as juniper?

Juniper (Juniperus) is also a coniferous tree family split into 60 species. Like cypress, juniper species grow all across the world, with plenty of native species. They can be a good cypress alternative. Both cypress and juniper belong to the same family, Cupressaceae.

Why are junipers called Cedars?

Why are they called cedars? Texas were termed cedars due to their resemblance to the cedar trees of Europe. botanists and other picky plant people. As a diecious tree, junipers have male and female plants.

What do juniper trees smell like?

The leaves smell like cedar, lemons, apples, or incense when crushed. Junipers are unique in that they are dioecious. This means they are individual plants are either male or female but not both and flower differently.

Is emerald green arborvitae a juniper?

Emerald green arborvitae, ​also known as emerald green juniper​, prefers full sun instead of partial sun. Emerald green juniper grows in any soil type, even rocky soil and clay soil. The tree adapts to any moisture level from dry to quite moist and tolerates most conditions except shade.

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